No, searches can only find images of version histories that are marked as active. The properties of all other versions of an image are not included in the search. The same applies for filters.
Example: Three versions of an image are available (A, B and C). Image A is marked as a the active image of the version history. Images B and C both have a keyword that A does not have. Searching for just this keyword will return zero results because only image A is included in the search.